Entomology Education

Education - Undergraduate

Courses are offered to undergraduate degree programmes namely B.Sc (Ag.), B.Tech (Biotechnology), B.Tech (Horticulture) and, B.S (ABM). In addition, as per ICAR guidelines, two courses are being offered with 0+5 credits on commercial bee keeping and commercial production of biocontrol agents. ICAR-JRF coaching classes are being conducted for the benefit of students. Sizable portion of ICAR-JRF were bagged by this department.

Semester Course No Course Title Credit Hours
III AEN 201 Fundamentals of Entomology 2+1
V AEN 301 Pests of Field Crops and their Management 2+1
VIII AEN 401 Pests of Horticultural Crops and their Management 2+1
VI EXP 301 Commercial bee keeping 0+5
VIII EXP 401 Commercial production of biocontrol agents 0+5
III AEN 251 Fundamentals of Entomology and Pest Management (2+1) 2+1

Education - Postgraduate

Every year about 10 to 20 M.Sc (Ag.) and Ph.D. students pass out of this department. More than 350 students in M.Sc. (Ag.) and 230 in Ph.D. have completed their degree programmes since inception. Students of this department, meritoriously pass in ICAR- ARS and NET exams year after year. Of our department excelled in obtaining young scientists award sponsored by DST, CSIR - SRF award, Rajivgandhi, INSPIRE fellowship and Jawaharlal Nehru award. PG students specialize in areas namely biological control, pesticide toxicology, chemical ecology, host plant resistance, storage entomology, apiculture, acarology and insect biosystematics. The following courses are offered for Masters and Doctoral programmes in Agricultural Entomology under trimester system from 2014-15 batch.

Course No Course Title Credit Hours
ENT 601 Insect Taxonomy and Classification 2+1
ENT 602 Insect Biodiversity 0+1
ENT 603 Insect Morphology 2+1
ENT 604 Insect Anatomy, Physiology and Nutrition 3+1
ENT 605 Principles of Insect Ecology 1+1
ENT 606 Principles of Insecticide Toxicology 2+1
ENT 607 Biological Control of Crop Pests and Weeds 2+1
ENT 608 Principles of Host plant Resistance 2+1
ENT 609 Biotechnological Applications in Pest Management 1+1
ENT 610 Pests of Field Crops 2+1
ENT 611 Pests of Horticultural and Plantation Crops 1+1
ENT 612 Post Harvest Entomology 1+1
ENT 613 Non Insect Pests and their Management 1+1
ENT 614 Commercial Entomology 1+1
ENT 615 Domestic, Veterinary and Medical Entomology 2+1
ENT 616 Insects and mites in Relation to Plant Diseases 1+1
ENT 617 Applied Insect Demography 0+1
ENT 620 Plant Quarantine 1+0

Course Outcome

M.Sc(Agriculture) in Agricultural Entomology

ENT 601 Insect Taxonomy and Classification (2+1)

CO1 Introduction to history and principles of systematics and importance.
CO2 Levels and functions of systematics.
CO3 Identification, purpose, methods-character matrix, taxonomic keys.
CO4 Introduction to numerical, biological and cytogenetical taxonomy.
CO5 Nomenclature: International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, Categories -names under consideration of ICZN.
CO6 Publications, Principles of priority, and homonymy, synonymy, type concept in zoological nomenclature
CO7 Different insect orders

ENT 602 Insect Biodiversity (0 +1)

CO1 To outline an overview of insect biodiversity.
CO2 To hone statistical skills of insect biodiversity assessment using various related biodiversity indices.
CO3 To create awareness on insect biodiversity conservation, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)

ENT 603 Insect Morphology (2+1)

CO1 To outline on overview of insect biodiversity.
CO2 To teach external morphology of the insect body and their appendages and functions.
CO3 Principles, utility and relevance, body tagmata, sclerites and segmentation, insect body wall structure and function, cuticular outgrowths in insects.
CO4 Head – origin, sclerites, structure and modification; types of mouthparts, eyes and antennae, tentorium.
CO5 Thorax – Areas and sutures of tergum, sternum and pleuron, pterothorax; Thoracic sclerites ; Wings: structure & modifications, venation, wing coupling apparatus & mechanism of flight; legs: structure and modifications.

ENT 604 Insect Anatomy, Physiology and Nutrition (2+1)

CO1 To impart knowledge on basic aspects - anatomy of different systems, elementary physiology, nutritional physiology and their application in Entomology.
CO2 Scope and importance of insect anatomy and physiology.
CO3 Structure, modification and physiologyof different systems - digestive, circulatory, respiratory, excretory,nervous, musculature, reproductive, sensory, endocrine and exocrine glands.
CO4 Thermodynamics; physiology of integument, moulting; growth, metamorphosis and diapause.

ENT 605 Principles of Insect Ecology (1+1)

CO1 To teach the students the concepts of ecology, basic principles of distribution and abundance of organisms and their causes.
CO2 Study life tables, organization of communities, diversity indicies.
CO3 Train students in sampling methodology, calculation of diversity indicies, constructing life tables, relating insect population fluctuations to biotic and/or abiotic causes.

ENT 606 Principles of Insecticide Toxicology (2+1)

CO1 To orient the students with structure and mode of action of important insecticides belonging to different groups, pesticide residues, pest resurgence, resistance to insecticides, environmental pollution caused by toxic insecticides.
CO2 Definition, scope and principles of insecticide toxicology; pesticide use and pesticide industry in India.
CO3 Classification of insecticides and acaricides based on mode of entry, mode of action and chemical nature.
CO4 Evaluation of insecticide toxicity; joint action of insecticides - synergism, potentiation and antagonism; factors affecting toxicity of insecticides; insecticide compatibility, selectivity ; phytotoxicity..
CO5 Insecticide metabolism; pest resistance to insecticides; mechanisms types of resistance; insecticide resistance management and pest resurgence.

ENT 607 Biological Control of Crop Pests and Weeds (2 +1)

CO1 To train the students with theory and practice of biological control, mass production techniques and field evaluation of various biological control agents like parasitoids, predators and various entomopathogenic croorganisms.
CO2 History, principles and scope of biological control; important groups of parasitoids, predators and pathogens; principles of classical biological control- importation, augmentation and conservation.
CO3 Biology, adaptation, host seeking behaviour of predatory and parasitic groups of insects. Role of insect, viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa etc., their mode of action. Biological control of weeds using insects.
CO4 Mass production of quality biocontrol agents-formulations.
CO5 Identification of common natural enemies of crop pests (parasitoids, predators, microbes) and weed killers.

ENT 608 Principles of Host plant Resistance (2+1)

CO1 To familiarize the students with types, basis, mechanisms and genetics of resistance in plants to insects and role - plant resistance in pest management.
CO2 History and importance of resistance, principles, classification, components, types and mechanisms of resistance.
CO3 Insect-host plant relationships; theories and basis of host plant selection in phytophagous insects.
CO4 Chemical ecology, tritrophic relations, volatiles.

ENT 609 Biotechnological Applications in Pest Management (1+1)

CO1 To familiarize the students with DNA recombinant technology, marker genes, transgenic Plants and biotechnology applications in insect pest management.
CO2 Introduction to molecular biology; techniques used in molecular biology.
CO3 Genetic improvement of natural enemies. Cell lines, genetic engineering in baculoviruses, Bt and fungi.
CO4 Marker genes for sex identification,Peptides and neuropeptides, JH esterase, St toxins and venoms, chitinase, Bt toxin, CPTI; trypsin inhibitors, lectins and proteases, etc. Transgenic plants for pest resistance and diseases.
CO5 Molecular biology of baculoviruses; insecticide resistance. Resistance management strategies in transgenic crops.

ENT610 Pests of Field Crops (2+1)

CO1 To familiarize the students about nature of damage and seasonal incidence of insect pests that cause loss to major field crops and their effective management by different methods.
CO2 Insect pests of cereals and millets and their management.
CO3 Insect pests of pulses and their management.
CO4 Insect pests of oilseeds and their management.
CO5 Polyphagous pests: grasshoppers, locusts, termites, white grubs, hairy caterpillars, and non-insect pests mites, birds, rodents, snails, slugs etc.

ENT 611 Pests of Horticultural and Plantation Crops (1+1)

CO1 To impart knowledge on major pests of horticultural and plantation crops regarding the extent and nature of damage and loss, seasonal history, integrated management.
CO2 Systematic position, identification, distribution, host range, bionomics and seasonal abundance, nature and extent damage and management of insect pests of various crops.
a.Fruit Crops - mango, guava, banana, jack, papaya, pomegranate, litchi, fig, citrus, aonla, pineapple, apple, peach and other temperate fruits.
CO3 Vegetable crops- tomato, potato, radish, carrot, beetroot, cole crops, french beans, chow-chow, brinjal, okra, all gourds, gherkin, drumstick, leafy vegetables etc.
CO4 Collection and identification of important pests and their natural enemies on different crops; Study of life history of important insect pests and non-insect pests.

ENT 612 Post Harvest Entomology (1+1)

CO1 To familiarize students with different pests associated with stored commodities and bulk storage, storage structures and safe use of fumigant.
CO2 Exposure to handle the agri-horticultural produce for contamination free trading, treatment protocols, and other sanitary and phytosanitary regulations.
CO3 Bionomics and biology of pests of stored products including fungi, mites, rodents and other non insects.
CO4 Principles and methods of safe storage, detection methods, seed disinfection and estimation of losses caused by pests.
CO5 Systems approach for quarantine security.

ENT 613 Non Insect Pests and their Management (1+1)

CO1 To impart knowledge on non insect pests on different crops, their biology damage symptoms and management strategies to contain them syllabus.
CO2 Economic importance, broad classification, nature of damage, biology and management of mite pests of crops, vegetables and fruit crops, plantation crops, ornamentals, polyhouses and stored products.
CO3 Identification and biology of different rodent species; behaviour, population dynamics and damage ssessment; management strategies – Physical, chemicals (poisons, repellents, anticoagulants and fumigants), biological (predators, parasitoids) and agronomic practices.
CO4 Identification of different predatory bird species.
CO5 General morphology of mites.

ENT 614 Commercial Entomology (1+1)

CO1 To familiarize the students with entrepreneurial opportunities in entomology and provide information on productive insects.
CO2 Honey bees, bee keeping and their products.
CO3 Study of different species of silkworms, rearing, moricultureand management of silkworms.
CO4 Lac insect- natural enemies and their management.
CO5 To familiarize the students with insect pests of public health and veterinary importance and their management.

ENT 615 Domestic, Veterinary and Medical Entomology (2+1)

CO1 To acquire knowledge on insect pests in household, domesticated and pet animals and poultry.
CO2 Importance of insect pests injurious to human beings, domesticated and pet animals and poultry.
CO3 Biology, injury and management of insect pests injurious to human beings.
CO4 Common pests in household and their management.
CO5 Disease transmission, pathogenesis and management of insect pests of domesticated and pet animals and poultry.

ENT 616 Insects and mites in Relation to Plant Diseases (1+1)

CO1 To teach the students about the groups of insects and mites that vector, plant pathogens, vector-plant pathogen interaction, management of vectors for controlling diseases.
CO2 History of developments in the area of insects and mites as vectors of plant pathogens.
CO3 Important insect vectors and their characteristics; mouth parts feeding processes of important insect vectors.Efficiency of transmission.
CO4 Transmission of plant viruses, bacteria, MLO and fungal pathogens.
CO5 Relation between viruses and their vectors.
CO6 Transmission of plant viruses by aphids, whiteflies, mealy bugs thrips.

ENT 617 Applied Insect Demography (0+1)

CO1 To provide an analytical and conceptual foundation for demographic aspects of biological and ecological research.
CO2 CO2. Demographic principles covered here focus on a specific group of organisms, in this case insect, provide continuity and also eliminate the use of token examples.
CO3 Life tables, reproduction potential and population models: basic concepts and types of models.
CO4 Extensions of stable theory and the unity of demographic population models.
CO5 Demographic applications.

ENT 620 Plant Quarantine (1+0)

CO1 To acquaint the learners about the principles and the role of Plant Quarantine in containment of pest and diseases.
CO2 Definition of pest, pesticides and transgenics as per Govt. notification; relative importance; quarantine –domestic and international.
CO3 Acts related to registration of pesticides and transgenics. History of quarantine legislations, PQ Order 2003. APEDA
CO4 Identification of pest free areas, contamination of food with toxigens, microorganisms and their elimination .
CO5 WTO regulations; non-tariff barriers.

PLP 601. Principles of plant physiology (2+1)

CO1 CO1. Write the different nutrient deficiency symptoms and management practices.
CO2 knowledge about commercial production of crops through hydroponics technology .
CO3 knowledge about development of different biotic and abiotic stress induced symptoms in plants and their amelioration practices.
CO4 knowledge about development of different biotic and abiotic stress induced symptoms in plants and their amelioration practices.
CO5 Discuss the technology towards the development of resistant varieties for biotic and abiotic stress tolerance.

BIC 601 Plant Biochemistry (2+1)

CO1 Exposure to different Bio-molecules.
CO2 Role of bio-molecules in nutrition, physiology, plant protection and stress biology.
CO3 Quantification of individual bio molecules by selected or various methods
CO4 Quantification of individual bio molecules in different crops as well different varieties and different parts if applicable.
CO5 Understand the biochemical significance of selected bio molecules with reference to various fields of Agriculture.

STA 601 Statistical Methods (1+1)

CO1 To provide exposure about methods of statistical analysis.
CO2 To provide exposure about methods of sampling techniques .
CO3 To provide exposure about statistical methods which are widely used in Agriculture sciences.
CO4 Correlation and regression analysis.
CO5 To provide exposure about statistical tools.

STA 602 Designs of Experiments (1+1)

CO1 Designing agricultural experiments.
CO2 Principles of experimental Designs.
CO3 Collection of data, analysis and interpretation.
CO4 Factorial experiments.
CO5 ANOVA and Mean comparisons.

STA 603 Data analysis techniques for Agricultural Sciences (0+1)

CO1 To equip students and stakeholders with knowledge of intellectual property rights (IPR) related protection systems and their significance .
CO2 Use of IPR as a tool for wealth.
CO3 CValue creation in a knowledge-based economy.
CO4 International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture.
CO5 Research collaboration Agreement and License Agreement.

PSG 601 Library and Information Services (0 + 1)

CO1 Introduction to library and its services.
CO2 To equip the library users with skills to trace information from libraries efficiently.
CO3 To apprise them of information and knowledge resources.
CO4 To carry out literature survey and to formulate information search strategies.
CO5 Use modern tools of information search - e-Resources access methods.

PSG 602 Technical Writing and Communications Skills (0+1)

CO1 Basic skills needed for writing technical reports.
CO2 Reporting scientific data in the form of reports, research papers, manuals.
CO3 Develop skill in preparing appropriate graphics .
CO4 Preparing computer based presentations.
CO5 To provide exposure about statistical tools.

PSG 603 Intellectual Property and its Management in Agriculture (e-Course(1+0)

CO1 To equip students and stakeholders with knowledge of intellectual property rights (IPR) related protection systems and their significance .
CO2 Use of IPR as a tool for wealth.
CO3 Value creation in a knowledge-based economy.
CO4 International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture.
CO5 Research collaboration Agreement and License Agreement.

PSG 604 Basic Concepts in Laboratory Techniques (0 + 1)

CO1 Safety measures in Lab .
CO2 Handling of chemical substances and glassware .
CO3 Preparation and handling of solutions .
CO4 Handling Lab equipments and instruments .
CO5 Preparation of different standard and working solutions for various experiments.

PSG 605 Agricultural Research, Research Ethics and Rural Development Programs (e-Course) (1+ 0)

CO1 Basic issues related with agricultural research.
CO2 Ethics in research as well as rural development.
CO3 Principles and philosophy of rural development .
CO4 Practicing and promoting ethics in research and developmental endeavours.
CO5 International fellowships for scientific mobility.

PGS 606 Disaster Management (e-Course) (1 + 0)

CO1 Natural disasters types and their effects.
CO2 Assessment of hazards and risks vulnerability.
CO3 Concepts and practices of natural disaster management.
CO4 Efforts to mitigate natural disasters at national and global levels.
CO5 National disaster management framework.
Method of measuring attainment of COs
The department lays more emphasis on the development of students in a comprehensive manner. The student’s performance is monitored periodically in all the courses by conducting internal assessment methods and their research progress is also assessed periodically by advisory committee chairman and members. The student’s performance is also communicated to them, in order to make them to know their level of performance and to improve them.

Program Outcome

M.Sc.(Ag.) in Agricultural Entomology

PO1 Human Resource: Human resource in the field of Applied Entomology
PO2 Applied Entomology: Hands on training and practical exposure in the field of basic Entomology and facilitates exploring the concepts of Insect Morphology, Anatomy and Physiology in the applied aspects of Agrl. Entomology.
PO3 Insect Evolutionary Taxonomy: Exposure on evolutionary history of insect physiology, Taxonomy and biodiversity.
PO4 Biological control: Rendering basic and applied aspects in augmentation, conservation and classification.
PO5 Quarantine and phytosanitary measures: Depiction of the organizational setup of Plant Protection quarantine and phytosanitary measures in the light of WTO agreement.
PO6 IPM: revelation of basic concepts in ecologically sustainable IPM.
PO7 Insecticide residues: Hands on training in the estimation of quality and quantity of insecticide residues from market / farm produces.
PO8 Apiculture: Hands on training in rearing of Indian bees, practice on dividing and uniting bee colonies.
PO9 Sericulture: Hands on training in rearing of mulberry silkworm.
PO10 Instrumentation: Hands on training in operating various instuments such as GC, HPLC, PCR Machine, Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer, UV-Vis Spectrophotometry.
PO11 Softwares: Irristat, Agres Agdata, Polo, Probit analysis, SAS package are some of the softwares exposed to students.
Method of measuring attainment of POs
Programme outcomes are periodically measured through established procedures of conducting examinations and evaluations. Students are encouraged to take up assignments and prepare project proposals and execute projects guided by the mentors. Success of the programme is reflected from the students’ placements at leading national and international institutes for pursuing higher education through winning competitive and meritorious fellowships and also taking up career in reputed institutions.

Program Specific Outcome

M.Sc.(Ag.)in Entomology

PSO1 To understand importance of Entomology in Agriculture
PSO2 Familiarise various biotic constraints associated with different crop production systems
PSO3 To describe general taxonomy, morphological features of insects
PSO4 Identification and analysis of constraints
PSO5 To understand the application of modern tools in IPM for sustainable Agro ecosystem
PSO6 Biological control: To train the students with theory and practice of biological control, mass production techniques and field evaluation of various biological control agents like parasitoids, predators and various entomopathogenic microorganisms.
PSO7 Insecticide toxicology: Monitoring of pesticides residues in soil, plant, water, animal feed concentrate, egg, milk, oil and food, besides studies on occupational health hazards, fixing baseline data and monitoring of resistance in insects to insecticides, management of insecticide-resistance and insect resurgence.
PSO8 Host Plant Resistance: Establishment of germplasm bank for maintaining the sources of resistance in crop plants against major pests, studying tritrophic interactions between resistant varieties, insect pests and natural enemies for efficient IPM programme, exploration of new genes for resistance to major insect pests through biotechnological means and establishment of gene bank for insect resistance, networking of host plant resistance for the evaluation of insect resistance in greenhouse pests.
PSO9 Acarology: Exploration of natural enemies of mites and standardization of mass production of phytoseiid mites, predatory thrips and Stethorus beetles. Exploration and collection of Agriculturally Important Insect Biodiversity (AIIB) including mapping of biotic stresses due to insects and mites.
SO10 Insect Biosystematics: Biosystematic studies: Identification, morphological characterization and documentation of insect pests and natural enemies of important crops. Development of bioinformatics tools/ inventories of insect biodiversity associated with major cropping systems.
Method of measuring attainment of PSOs
Programme specific outcomes are ascertained by periodic review of the teaching and research activities at the institute and presentation of the progress at leading national and international journals as research publications. Further independent expert reviews and teaching seminars are also conducted for evaluating the teachers and students for keeping the morale and scientific temper and for the wholesome development of education and research activities of the department.

Education - Doctorate Courses

Course No Course Title Credit Hours
ENT 801 Advances in Integrated Pest Management 2+0
ENT 802 Recent Trends in Entomology 2+0
ENT 803 Advanced Insect Physiology 3+1
ENT 804 Techniques and Instrumentation in Entomology 1+2
ENT 805 Advanced Insect Taxonomy 2+1
ENT 807 Plant Health Diagnostics and Management 2+2
Course No Course Title Credit Hours
1. Biosystematics
ENT 811 Insect Biosystematics and Morphometrics 2+1
ENT 812 Advanced Acarology 2+1
ENT 813 Numerical tools for phylogenetic analysis 0+1
ENT 814 Insect Genetics and Molecular Biology 1+1
2. Biological Control
ENT 821 Insect Pathology 2+1
ENT 822 Entomophages 2+1
ENT 823 Molecular Applications in Biological Control 2+1
3. Toxicology
ENT 831 Advances in Insecticide Toxicology 2+1
ENT 832 Environmental Contaminations of Pesticides 2+1
ENT 833 Pesticide Residue Analysis 1+2
4. Host Plant Resistance
ENT 841 Insect Nutrition and Host Plant Resistance 2+1
ENT 842 Insect - Plant Interaction 2+1
ENT 843 Insect Behavioral Ecology 2+1

Course Outcome

Ph.D. in Agricultural Entomology

ENT 801 Advances in Integrated Pest Management (2+0)

CO1 To further the knowledge of the students with concepts of integrated pest management.
CO2 To inculcate the students on the recent trends in IPM in different farming systems.
CO3 Successful national and international case histories of integrated pest management.

ENT 802 Recent Trends in Entomology (2+0)

CO1 To impart knowledge to students on recent developments in entomological research and insect pest management.
CO2 Current topics in biosystematics, numerical and molecular approaches.
CO3 Chemical Ecology of agriculturally important insect pests.
CO4 Genetic and biotechnological approaches as novel strategies in pest management.
CO5 Advances in screening methods to identify new molecules, cell based methods.
CO6 Recent advances in reproductive biology and endocrinology of insects.
CO7 Computer aided decision making and modelling, biosensors and newer developments in forensic and urban entomology.

ENT 803 Advanced Insect Physiology (3+1)

CO1 To impart advanced theoretical knowledge on Physiology and biochemistry of insect cuticle and moulting process.
CO2 Digestive enzymes, digestive physiology in phytophagous, wood boring and wool feeding insects.
CO3 Physiology of insect systems and production of receptor potentials in different types of sensilla, pheromones and other semiochemicals in insect life, toxins and defense mechanisms.
CO4 Endocrine system and insect hormones, physiology of insect growth and development, insect nutrition and insect diets.

ENT 804 Techniques and Instrumentation in Entomology (1+2)

CO1 To acquaint the students with collection and preservation of insects and damaged plant samples. Principles of Microscopy and Micrometry.
CO2 Methods of extraction of botanical insecticides and Bioassay techniques.
CO3 Basics and instrumentation in analyzing pesticides and their residues, basics of chromatography.
CO4 Principles in quantification using spectrophotometer and molecular weight determination using SDS/PAGE and PCR principles.

ENT 805 Advanced Insect Taxonomy (2+1)

CO1 To familiarize the students with different schools of classification, phylogenetics, classical and molecular methods, evolution of different groups of insects.
CO2 International Code of Zoological Nomenclature.
CO3 Ethics and procedure for taxonomic publications.
CO4 Websites related to insect taxonomy and databases. Molecular Taxonomy, barcoding species.

ENT 807 Plant Health Diagnostics and Management (2+2)

CO1 To familiarize the students with different abnormalities caused by insects, pathogens, nematodes, weeds and imbalanced plant nutrients.
CO2 Develop the confidence in them to handle plant protection problems faced by the farmers/growers.

ENT 811 Insect Biosystematics and Morphometrics (2 +1)

CO1 The course is to specialize the students in insect biosystematics.
CO2 Recent insect classifications followed for taxonomic research, basics of zoological nomenclature will be taught.
CO3 The importance of morphometrics for different groups of insects and different types of taxonomic keys will be elaborated.
CO4 Ethics and procedure for taxonomic publications will familiarize the students for further understanding the taxonomic literature.

ENT 812 Advanced Acarology (2+1)

CO1 To acquire a good working knowledge of identification of economically important groups of mites up to the species level.
CO2 Economically important species of mites in agriculture,veterinary and public health.
CO3 Storage acarology, mites as vectors of plant pathogens and soil mites in india.
CO4 Detailed understanding of the newer acaricide molecules and utilization of predators.

ENT 813 – Numerical tools for phylogenetic analysis (0+1)

CO1 To provide an analytical and conceptual foundation for numerical taxonomy.
CO2 Accordingly, it is aimed to create a taxonomy using numeric algorithms like cluster analysis rather than using subjective evaluation of their properties.
CO3 Ecological resemblance, Cluster analysis, Ordination in reduced space, Canonical analysis, Computational phylogenetics.

ENT 814 Insect Genetics and Molecular Biology (1+1)

CO1 To impart knowledge to students on genetics, cytogenetics and molecular basis of insect Taxonomy.
CO2 Scope and importance and diversity of genetic systems in insects.
CO3 Molecular techniques, and insect genomics.
CO4 Structural genomics and Insect Micro RNAs.

ENT 821 Insect Pathology (2+1)

CO1 To teach the students about various microbes that are pathogenic to insects.
CO2 Factors that affect their virulence, provide hands-on training in identification, isolation, culturing various pathogens and assessing pathogenicity.
CO3 Epizootiology, symptomatology and etiology of diseases and defense mechanisms in insects against pathogens.
CO4 Safe use of insect pathogens in integrated management of insect pests.
CO5 Biopesticides formulations, commercial production and economics.

ENT 822 Entomophages (2+1)

CO1 To train the students with theory and practice of biological control, mass production techniques.
CO2 Field evaluation of various biological control agents like parasitoids, predators and other macrophages.
CO3 Foraging behavior of natural enemies of insects and population dynamics.
CO4 Successful biological control projects, analysis, trends and future possibilities of natural enemies.
CO5 Importation of natural enemies - quarantine regulations.

ENT 823 Molecular Applications in Biological Control (2+1)

CO1 To familiarize the students with knowledge different molecular applications in biological control.
CO2 Molecular markers for diagnosis of insect pests and their natural enemies.
CO3 Genetic transformation of crops for resistance to insect pests.
CO4 Genetic engineering of entomopathogenic microbes for pest management.
CO5 Genetic engineering of natural enemies for integrated pest management.
CO6 Regulatory aspects of biological control agents derived by biotechnology.

ENT 831 Advances in Insecticide Toxicology (2+1)

CO1 To acquaint the students with the latest advancements in the field of insecticide toxicology, biochemical and physiological target sites of insecticides, and pesticide resistance mechanisms in insects.
CO2 Toxicity and mode of action of newer molecules.
CO3 Structure activity relationships and Metabolism of insecticides, Joint action of insecticides; activation, synergism and potentiation.
CO4 Problems associated with pesticide use in agriculture.
CO5 Bioassay methods, Insecticide regulations, Safe use and handling and disposal of pesticides.

ENT 832 Environmental Contaminations of Pesticides (2+1)

CO1 To impart knowledge on environmental contamination by pesticides and their consequences.
CO2 Application techniques in respect to safe and efficient pest control.
CO3 Movement of pesticides in the environment, in plant and soil, water and air.
CO4 Pesticide residues in food , atmosphere , soil and water.
CO5 Dynamics of pesticide residues in the environment.
CO6 Environmental alterations of insecticide residues and characteristics of environmental alteration
CO7 Degradation of pesticides by various agents
CO8 Effects of pesticides on wild life, bioaccumulation and hazards of pesticides to man and domestic animals
CO9 Pesticide residues in food in context of international pesticide managerial approaches

ENT 833 Pesticide Residue Analysis (1+2)

CO1 To teach students the concept and toxicological significance of pesticide residues.
CO2 Principles of extraction and clean up from different substrates, multi residue methods.
CO3 Application of spectrophotometric and chromatographic techniques estimation /detection of micro level pesticides residue.
CO4 Confirmatory techniques, method validation, interpretation of data and statistical analysis and measurement of uncertainty, glp, legal issues and standards.

ENT 841 Insect Nutrition and Host Plant Resistance (2+1)

CO1 To familiarize the students with recent advances in resistance of plants to insects.
CO2 Acquaint with the techniques for assessment and evaluation of resistance in crop plants.
CO3 Physical and chemical environment conferring resistance in plants.
CO4 Biotechnological approaches in host plant resistance.
CO5 Estimation of plant resistance based on plant damage.
CO6 Techniques and determination of categories of plant resistance

ENT 842 Insect - Plant Interaction (2+1)

CO1 To familiarize the students with recent advances in evolution of insect-plant interactions in basic and applied contexts.
CO2 Plant traits that influence utilization by insects.
CO3 Insect Traits that Facilitate Utilization of Plants.
CO4 Tritrophic and multitrophic level interactions in Plant Defense.
CO5 GM plants, natural plant products and natural resources in insect plant interaction.
CO6 Understanding insect community abundance and diversity and estimation of plant morphological characters.

ENT 843 Insect Behavioral Ecology (2+1)

CO1 To impart knowledge on essentials of insect behavioural ecology.
CO2 Development of behaviorism and ethology, behavioural traits under natural selection, genetic control of behaviour and behavioural polymorphism.
CO3 Reproductive behavioural ecology.
CO4 Social insects and Insect behavioural approaches in crop productivity.
CO5 Assessment of insect distribution pattern.
CO6 Tools for insect behvaoiural investigations.
Method of measuring attainment of COs
The department lays more emphasis on the development of students in a comprehensive manner. The student’s performance is monitored periodically in all the courses by conducting internal assessment methods and their research progress is also assessed periodically by advisory committee chairman and members. The student’s performance is also communicated to them, in order to make them to know their level of performance and to improve them.

Program Outcome

Ph.D. in Agricultural Entomology

PO1 Recent developments in entomological research and insect pest management.
PO2 Students acquired knowledge on concepts of integrated pest management, IPM in different farming systems as well as computerized data base management systems related to IPM.
PO3 Theoretical and practical knowledge on physiological, biochemical and nutritional processes in insects.
PO4 Knowledge on appropriate use of equipments and techniques related to collection and preservation of insects, microscopy, bioassay, electrophoresis, Chromatography etc.
PO5 Impairing knowledge on insect biosystematics, recent insect classifications followed for taxonomic research, basics of zoological nomenclature and the recent classification of insect orders using morphological characters.
PO6 Students familiarized with different abnormalities caused by insects, pathogens, nematodes, weeds and imbalanced plant nutrients and had confidence to handle plant protection problems faced by the farmers/growers.
PO7 Trained students on the latest advancements in the field of insecticide toxicology, biochemical and physiological target sites of insecticides, and pesticide resistance mechanisms in insects.
PO8 The concept of pesticide residues, residue analysis, instruments and techniques involved data analysis and legal issues of pesticide residue analysis and knowledge on environmental contamination by pesticides and their consequences.
PO9 Students familiarized with recent advances in resistance of plants to insects and the techniques for assessment and evaluation of resistance in crop plants.
PO10 Students well-versed with recent advances in evolution of insect-plant interactions in basic and applied contexts.
PO11 Students gained knowledge on essentials of insect behavioural ecology and its utility in pest management.
Method of measuring attainment of POs
Programme outcomes are periodically measured through established procedures of conducting examinations and evaluations. Students are encouraged to take up assignments and prepare project proposals and execute projects guided by the mentors. Success of the programme is reflected from the students’ placements at leading national and international institutes for pursuing higher education through winning competitive and meritorious fellowships and also taking up career in reputed institutions.

Program Specific Outcome

Ph.D. in Agricultural Entomology

PSO1 To teach external morphology of the insect body and their appendages and functions.
PSO2 To impart knowledge on basic aspects of anatomy of different systems, elementary physiology, nutritional physiology and their application in entomology.
PSO3 To sensitize the students on the theory and practice of classifying organisms and the rules governing the same.
PSO4 To outline on overview of insect biodiversity, hone statistical skills of insect biodiversity assessment using various related biodiversity indices and create awareness on insect biodiversity conservation.
PSO5 To familiarize the students about nature of damage and seasonal incidence of insect pests that cause loss to major field crops, horticultural and plantation crops and their effective management by different methods.
PSO6 To teach the students the concepts of ecology, basic principles of distribution and abundance of organisms and their causes.
PSO7 To train the students with theory and practice of biological control, mass production techniques and field evaluation of various biological control agents like parasitoids, predators and various entomopathogenic microorganisms.
PSO8 To orient the students with structure and mode of action of important insecticides belonging to different groups, pesticide residues, pest resurgence, resistance to insecticides, and environmental pollution caused by toxic insecticides.
PSO9 To familiarize the students with types, basis, mechanisms and genetics of resistance in plants to insects and role of plant resistance in pest management.
PSO10 To familiarize the students with DNA recombinant technology, marker genes, transgenic plants and biotechnology applications in insect pest management.
PSO11 To familiarize students with different pests associated with stored commodities and bulk storage, storage structures and safe use of fumigant. Besides, exposure to handle the agri-horticultural produce for contamination free trading, treatment protocols, and other sanitary and phytosanitary regulations.
PSO12 To familiarize the students with entrepreneurial opportunities in entomology, provide information on productive insects and their products, as well as insect pests of public health and veterinary importance and their management.
Method of measuring attainment of PSOs
Programme specific outcomes are ascertained by periodic review of the teaching and research activities at the institute and presentation of the progress at leading national and international journals as research publications. Further independent expert reviews and teaching seminars are also conducted for evaluating the teachers and students for keeping the morale and scientific temper and for the wholesome development of education and research activities of the department.