Pathology Education

Education - Undergraduate(2011 Syllabus)

Courses are offered to undergraduate degree programmes namely B.Sc (Ag.), B.Tech (Biotechnology), B.Tech (Horticulture) and, B.S (ABM). In addition, as per ICAR guidelines, two courses are being offered with 0+5 credits on commercial mushroom production and commercial production of biocontrol agents. ICAR-JRF coaching classes are being conducted for the benefit of students. Sizable portion of ICAR-JRF were bagged by this department.

B.Sc. (Ag.)

S.No Course No Course Title Credit Hours
1 PAT 201 Fundamentals of Plant Pathology 2+1
2 PAT 301 Principles of Plant Disease Management 1+1
3 PAT 401 Diseases of Horticultural Crops 2+1
5 PAT 302 Diseases of field crops 1+1

B.Sc. (Horti.)

S.No Course No Course Title Credit Hours
1 PAT 251 Introductory Plant Pathology 1+1

Education - Postgraduate

More than 300 students in M.Sc. (Ag.) and 200 in Ph.D. have completed their degree programmes since inception. Students of this department, meritoriously pass in ICAR- ARS and NET exams year after year. Of our department excelled in obtaining young scientists award sponsored by DST, CSIR - SRF award, Rajivgandhi, INSPIRE fellowship and Jawaharlal Nehru award. PG students specialize in areas namely biological control, plant virology, mycology and bacteriology, host plant resistance, post harvest pathology and mushroom technology. The following courses are offered for Masters and Doctoral programmes under trimester system from 2014-15 batch.

Major Courses

S.No Course No Course Title Credit Hours Column 4
1 PAT 601 Mycology 2+1 4
2 PAT 602 Plant Virology 2+1 5
3 PAT 603 Plant Bacteriology 2+1 2
4 PAT 604 Principles of Plant Pathology 2+0 3
5 PAT 605 Detection and diagnosis of plant diseases 1+1
6 PAT 606 Advances in Plant Disease Management 2+1
7 PAT 607 Diseases of Field Crops 2+1
8 PAT 608 Diseases of Fruits, Plantation and Flower Crops 2+1
9 PAT 609 Diseases of Vegetables, Spices and Medicinal Crops 2+1
10 PAT 610 Seed Health Technology 2+1
11 PAT 611 Chemicals in Plant Disease Management 2+1
12 PAT 613 Disease Resistance in Plants 2+0
13 PAT 618 Epidemiology and forecasting of plant diseases 2+1

Minor Courses

S.No Course No Course Title Credit Hours
1 PAT 612 Ecology of Soil Borne Plant Pathogens 1+1
2 PAT 614 Insect Vectors of Plant Pathogens 1+1
3 PAT 615 Biological Control of Plant Diseases 2+1
4 PAT 616 Principles and Practices of IDM 1+1
5 PAT 617 Mushroom Biotechnology 2+1
6 PAT 619 Post Harvest Diseases 2+1
7 PAT 620 Plant Quarantine 2+0
8 MCB 607 Plant- Microbe interactions 1+1
9 BIC 601** Biochemistry 2+1
10 CRP 601** Principles of Crop Physiology 2+1

Supporting Courses

S.No Course No Course Title Credit Hours
1 STA 601 Statistical Methods 1+1
2 STA 602 Design of Experiments 1+1
3 CSC 601 Computer Application in Statistics 1+0
4 STA 603 Data Analysis Techniques for Agricultural Sciences 0+1

Non Credit Compulsory Courses

S.No Course No Course Title Credit Hours
1 PGS 601 Library and information services 0+1
2 PGS 602 Technical writing and communication skills 0+1
3 PGS 603 Intellectual Property and its Management in Agriculture 1+0
4 PGS 604 Basic concepts in Laboratory Techniques 0+1
5 PGS 605 Agricultural Research, Research Ethics and Rural Development Programmes 1+0
6 PGS 606 Disaster Management 1+0

Course Outcome

M.Sc (Plant Pathology) - Course Outcomes

PAT 601 Mycology (2+1)

CO1 Basic concepts of mycology – History - General characters - mode of nutrition - asexual and sexual reproduction in fungi.
CO2 Outline classification of fungi as per Ainsworth and Bisby’s Dictionary of Fungi 10th Edition (2008).
CO3 Classification of Kingdom: Protozoa – General characters – life cycles of Plasmodiophora brassicae and Phytomonas – Kingdom: Chromista – General characters - Phylum: Oomycota.
CO4 General characters - life cycles of Pythium, Phytophthora, Sclerospora, Peronospora and Plasmospora – generic level differentiation in downy mildew fungi.
CO5 Classification of Kingdom: Fungi - General characters - Phylum: Chytridiomycota: General characters.
CO6 life cycles of Synchytrium; Phylum: Zygomycota – General characters - life cycles of Rhizopus, Mucor, Pilobolus.
CO7 Phylum: Ascomycota: General characters - life cycles of Eurotium, Taphrina, Mycosphaerella, Cochliobolus, Venturia, Lewia, Erysiphe, Sclerotinia, Claviceps, Gibberella, Verticillium, Glomerella and Magnaporthe
CO8 Generic level taxonomic key for Talaromyces, Saccharomyces, Macrophomina, Botryodiplodia, Diplocarpon, Morchella, Tuber, Ustilaginoidea, Hypocrea, Sarocladium, and Pestalosphaeria.
CO9 Classification of Kingdom: Fungi - Phylum: Basidiomycota; General characters - life cycles of Agaricus, Thanaletephorus, Athelium, Ganoderma. Puccinia, Ustilago, Tilletia.
CO10 Generic level taxonomic key for Uromyces, Hemileia, Phragmidium, Melampsora. Sporisorium, Moesziomyces, Neovossia and Exobasidium.

PAT 602 Plant Virology (2+1)

CO1 History of plant viruses, composition and structure of viruses, Origin and evolution, Symptomatology of important plant virus diseases.
CO2 Mycoviruses, arbo and baculo viruses, satellite viruses, satellite RNAs and viroids - transmission and virus vector relationship.
CO3 Virus nomenclature and classification - genome organization - replication and movement of viruses.
CO4 Isolation and purification - electron microscopy - protein and nucleic acid based diagnostics.
CO5 Mechanism of resistance, genetic engineering, management of plant viral diseases.

PAT 603 Plant Bacteriology (2+1)

CO1 History of bacteriology - nomenclature and classification of bacteria - bacteriophages – morphology - types and uses - mycoplasma and bdellovibrios .
CO2 Bacterial cell – morphology - organelles and their functions - cell wall structure and chemistry.
CO3 Endospore and its formation - composition and function - flagella structure - arrangements and movements.
CO4 Growth - nutrition requirements – reproduction - preservation of bacterial cultures and variability among phytopathogenic procarya.
CO5 Plasmids - bacterial conjugation - transduction and transformation - Important bacterial diseases - Bacterial leaf blight of rice .
CO6 Important bacterial diseases - bacterial blight of pomegranate - cotton bacterial blight - bacterial wilt of solanaceous vegetables and black rot of crucifers .
CO7 Management strategy of bacterial diseases - survival and dissemination of phytopathogenic bacteria .

PAT 604 Principles of Plant Pathology (2+0)

CO1 Importance, definitions and concepts of plant diseases - history and growth of plant pathology -biotic and abiotic causes of plant diseases - disease caused by phanerogamic parasites.
CO2 Growth, reproduction, survival and dispersal of important plant pathogens - role of environment and host nutrition on disease development, modern detection methods.
CO3 Host parasite interaction, recognition concept and infection, symptomatology, disease development .
CO4 Role of enzymes, toxins, growth regulators; defense strategies- oxidative burst;.
CO5 Phenolics, Phytoalexins, PR proteins, Elicitors, induced resistance, Altered plant metabolism as affected by plant pathogens.
CO6 Genetics of resistance - ‘R’ genes; mechanism of genetic variation in pathogens.
CO7 Molecular basis for resistance - marker-assisted selection - genetic engineering for disease resistance.
CO8 Disease management strategies.

PAT 605 Detection and Diagnosis of Plant Viruses (1+1)

CO1 Biological, serological and nucleic acid based techniques for the detection of virus and virus like pathogens.
CO2 Fungal disease diagnosis – symptomatology - collection of samples and their preservations.
CO3 Koch’s’ postulates - isolation techniques - purification and single spore isolation - inoculation technique.
CO4 Creation of artificial epiphytotics of fungal pathogens - long term storage and preservation of fungal cultures.
CO5 Molecular detection of fungal pathogens - data collection - compilation and scientific writing.
CO6 Symptoms of bacterial diseases and characteristics of phytopathogenic bacteria.
CO7 Isolation of phytopathogenic bacteria from rhizosphere and phyllosphere.
CO8 Bacterial strains and staining methods - techniques for purification and pathogenicity.

PAT 606 Advances in Plant Disease Management (2+1)

CO1 Principles of plant disease management by cultural, physical, biological, chemical, organic amendments and botanicals methods of plant disease control
CO2 Integrated control measures of plant diseases - disease resistance and molecular approach for disease management.
CO3 Foliage, seed and soil application of chemicals - role of stickers - spreaders and other adjuvants .
CO4 Application of chemicals - health vis-a-vis environmental hazards - residual effects and safety measures.
CO5 History of fungicides, bactericides and antibiotics - concepts of pathogen – immobilization.
CO6 Chemical protection and chemotherapy - nature, properties and mode of action of antifungal - antibacterial and antiviral chemicals.

PAT 607 Diseases of Field Crops (2+1)

CO1 Diseases of Cereal crops - rice, wheat, barley, oats, maize, sorghum.
CO2 Diseases of Cereal crops - pearl millet, finger millet and small millets.
CO3 Diseases of Pulse crops –redgram, blackgram, greengram, bengalgram, cowpea, soybean and lentil.
CO4 Diseases of Oilseed crops- groundnut, sesame, sunflower, safflower, castor, linseed, rapeseed and mustard.
CO5 Diseases of Cash crops- cotton, sugarcane and tobacco.
CO6 Diseases of Fodder and fibre crops - berseem, lucerene and jute - post harvest spoilage of food grains.

PAT 608 Diseases of Fruits, Plantation and Flower Crops (2+1)

CO1 Diseases of Fruit crops - mango, banana, citrus grapevine, guava, papaya, pomegranate, sapota, pineapple, jack cashew.
CO2 Diseases of Fruit crops - custard apple, apple, pear, plum, peach, date palm, fig, and ber.
CO3 Diseases of Plantation crops- tea, coffee, cocoa, rubber, coconut and arecanut.
CO4 Diseases of Flower crops- rose, jasmine, chrysanthemum, marigold, crossandra, carnation, gerbera, tuberose, lilium and anthurium.
CO5 Diseases of Post-harvest diseases of tropical, sub-tropical and temperate fruits.

PAT 609 Diseases of Vegetables, Spices and Medicinal Crops (2+1)

CO1 Diseases of Vegetables crops -tomato, brinjal, chillies, capsicum, bhendi, cucurbits, crucifers, potato, cassava.
CO2 Diseases of Vegetables crops - sweet potato, elephant foot yam, carrot, radish, beetroot, onion, garlic, peas, beans, moringa and amaranthus.
CO3 Diseases of Spice crops - pepper, cardamom, turmeric, ginger, saffron, seed and tree spices.
CO4 Diseases of Medicinal crops - coleus, glory lily, senna, ashwagandha, Aloe vera, mint, palmarosa, citronella and geranium.
CO5 Diseases of Post-harvest diseases of vegetables.

PAT 610 Seed Health Technology (2+1)

CO1 History and economic importance of seed pathology – Types of losses caused by seed borne diseases in true and vegetatively propagated seeds
CO2 Important seed borne, seed transmitted pathogens, storage and field fungi in seed industry.
CO3 Recent advances in the establishment and subsequent cause of disease development in seed and seedling.
CO4 Morphology and anatomy of typical monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous seeds.
CO5 Localization and mechanism of seed transmission in relation to seed infection - seed to plant transmission of pathogens.
CO6 Evolutionary adaptations of crop plants to defend seed invasion by seed-borne pathogens.
CO7 Epidemiological factors influencing the transmission of seed-borne diseases - forecasting of epidemics through seed-borne infection.
CO8 Seed act, plant quarantine – classification – SPS under WTO and TRIPS - seed certification and tolerance limit.
CO9 Production of toxic metabolites affecting seed quality and its impact on human, animal and plant health .
CO10 Detection of seed borne fungi, bacteria and viruses – disease free seed production in agricultural and horticultural crops - management of seed-borne pathogen / diseases.

PAT 611 Chemicals in Plant Disease Management (2+1)

CO1 To learn about history and development of chemicals; definition of pesticides and related terms - advantages and disadvantages of chemicals
CO2 To know about the classification of chemicals used in plant disease control and their characteristics.
CO3 To understand about chemicals in plant disease control viz., fungicides, bactericides, nematicides, antiviral chemicals and botanicals.
CO4 To learn how to develop formulations and to understand their mode of action, method of application of different fungicides, chemotherapy and phytotoxicity of fungicides.
CO5 To impart knowledge on handling, storage and precautions to be taken while using fungicides, compatibility with other agrochemicals, persistence, cost-benefit ratio, factor affecting fungicides, general account of plant protection appliances, environmental pollution, residues and health hazards, fungicidal resistance in plant pathogens and its management.
CO6 To empower skill on acquaintance with formulation of different fungicides and plant protection appliances, fFormulation of fungicides, bactericides and nematicides, preparation of different concentrations of chemicals including botanical pesticides based on active ingredients against pathogens – persistence - compatibility with other agro-chemicals - detection of naturally occurring fungicide resistant mutants of pathogen - methods of application of chemicals .

PAT 613 Disease Resistance in Plants (2+0)

CO1 Learning about introduction and historical development. Understanding the basic terms in resistance biology, types of resistance, non-host resistance, horizontal resistance and vertical resistance, variability in plant pathogens, mechanisms of variability and physiological races of pathogens.
CO2 Understanding the dynamics of pathogenicity, penetration, infection, regulation of infection processes, cAMP signaling and MAP kinase pathways.
CO3 Learning about genetics of virulence, pathogenicity genes in plant pathogens, fungal and bacterial toxins, cell wall and cutin degrading enzymes, hormones and extracellular polysaccharides.
CO4 Knowledge on recognition of pathogens by plants, elicitors, host plant receptors, signal transduction, signal cross talk, induced resistance, systemic acquired resistance and induced systemic resistance..
CO5 Learning about the host defence mechanisms, morphological and anatomical resistance, phytoanticipins, induced structural and biochemical defences, phytoalexins, defense-related proteins, hypersensitivity and its mechanisms.
CO6 Acquaint with genetics of disease resistance, Gene-for-gene theory, avirulence (avr) genes – protein for protein - Resistance (R) genes of plants - management of resistance genes - strategies for gene deployment. .

PAT 618 Epidemiology and forecasting of plant diseases (2+1)

CO1 To learn about epidemic concept of disease and historical development, impact of epidemics on human culture, disease triangle, pathometry and crop growth stages, analysis of epidemics, monocyclic, polycyclic and polyetic diseases.
CO2 To acruire knowledge on common and natural logarithms, area under disease progress curve, different disease progress model and correction factors, inoculum dynamics, population biology of pathogens, temporal spatial variability in plant pathogens.
CO3 Knolwedge on survey (fixed plot, roving survey etc.,), surveillance and vigilance - aerial photography, remote sensing.
CO4 Principles and pre-requisites of forecasting, systems (positive and negative) - early forecasting procedures based on weather and inoculum potential - disease prediction- infection models .
CO5 Factors affecting various components of forecasting, disease progress models, yield loss models and computerized disease forecasting systems.

PAT 612 Ecology of Soil Borne Plant Pathogens (1+1)

CO1 Acquaint with soil as an environment for plant pathogens, nature and importance of rhizosphere, rhizoplane, host exudates, soil and root inhabiting fungi.
CO2 Knowledge on inoculum potential and density in relation to host and soil variables - competition, predation, antibiosis and fungistasis .
CO3 To learn about suppressive soils, biological control – concepts, types of biocontrol agents and potentialities for managing soil borne pathogens..
CO4 To develop skill on quantification of rhizosphere and rhizoplane microflora with special emphasis on pathogens, pathogenicity test by soil and root inoculation techniques.
CO5 Skill development on correlation between inoculum density of test pathogens and disease incidence, demonstration of fungistasis in natural soils, suppression of test soil-borne pathogens by antagonistic microorganisms - isolation and identification of different biocontrol agents.

PAT 614 Insect Vectors of Plant Pathogens (1+1)

CO1 To understand insects act as vectors of plant pathogens, their history and development, important insect vectors, their characteristics, mouth parts and feeding processes and efficiency of transmission.
CO2 Learn about transmission of plant viruses by insect vectors - virus vector relationship.
CO3 Study about transmission of fungal pathogens and nematodes by insect vectors.
CO4 Learning the role of insect vectors associated with the transmission of bacteria and phytoplasma.
CO5 Knowledge on epidemiology and management of insect transmitted diseases through vector management.

PAT 615 Biological Control of Plant Diseases (2+1)

CO1 Concept of biological control, definitions, importance, principles of plant disease management with bioagents, history of biological control, merits and demerits of biological control
CO2 Types of biological interactions, competition, mycoparasitism, exploitation for hypovirulence, cross protection, rhizosphere colonization.
CO3 Types of biological interactions, competitive saprophytic ability, antibiosis, induced resistance, mycorrhizal associations, operational mechanisms and its relevance in biological control.
CO4 Characterization and evaluation of bioagents - types of biological control (bacteria, fungi, actinobacteria and entomopathogens) .
CO5 Evaluation of bioagents - case example of successful bioagents (bacterial and fungal bioformulation).
CO6 Variability and characterization of bioagents important characteristics like competitive saprophytic ability and pesticide resistance.
CO7 Commercial production of antagonists, improvisation, delivery systems, application and monitoring.
CO8 Biological control in IDM, IPM and organic farming system - biopesticides available in market - quality control system of biocontrol agents.

PAT 616 Principles and Practices of IDM (1+1)

CO1 IDM - concepts and history – national and international status - economic importance - plant diseases – survey, surveillance and assessment - forecasting of important diseases in the country.
CO2 IDM - components and development - cultural, mechanical and physical control measures - Genetic resistance crops
CO3 IDM - cotton, rice, maize and tomato –GM crops – definition and significance, special emphasis on cotton, maize and tomato.
CO4 IDM- Role of biocontrol agents - quality parameters, registration, mass production and methods of application of biocontrol agents.
CO5 Role of botanicals -Fungicide classification, dosage calculation - growth of fungicide industry - role of antibiotics in IDM.
CO6 EIQ - concepts, need for pesticide risk assessment, pesticide risk assessment models, uses and limitations.
CO7 History of quarantine regulations - PQ Order 2003 - domestic and international quarantine – APEDA.
CO8 Key components of baseline data for identification of crop based problems and socio-economic bench marks - development of IDM modules - farm validation and promotion of IDM modules.
CO9 Case studies and impact analysis of already available IDM modules - role of expert system in IDM - online monitoring role of media and information technology in IDM - Global plant clinic - .
CO10 International and national plant diagnostic network. Future trend in disease management.

PAT 617 Mushroom Biotechnology (2+1)

CO1 Mushroom science and mushroom technology – landmarks; application of related fields – microbiology, fermentation technology and environmental engineering - genetic resources.
CO2 Mushroom science and mushroom technology –field collection and preservation - culture collection centres; life cycles of Agaricus, Pleurotus, Volvariella, Calocybe, Lentinulla and Auricularia.
CO3 Morphogenesis in mushrooms - role of enzymes in mycelium and basidioma development - cellulases, hemicellulases, laccase, amylolytic enzymes, β 1-3 glucanase, mannitol dehydrogenase, tyrosinase, PO and PPO - physiology of fruiting body development – light, gravity, temperature, relative humidity, pH and metabolic gases in morphogenesis - biological stimulation and fruiting body development in mushroom fungi
CO4 Morphogenesis in mushrooms - role of enzymes in mycelium and basidioma development - cellulases, hemicellulases, laccase, amylolytic enzymes, β 1-3 glucanase, mannitol dehydrogenase, tyrosinase, PO and PPO .
CO5 Morphogenesis in mushrooms - physiology of fruiting body development – light, gravity, temperature, relative humidity, pH and metabolic gases in morphogenesis - biological stimulation and fruiting body development in mushroom fungi.
CO6 Genome characterization and karyotyping in edible fungi - genome sequence patterns and gene regulation - bioinformatics perspectives; sexuality and breeding systems – Agaricus, Pleurotus, Volvariella, Lentinulla and Auricularia.
CO7 Strain improvement methods - selection, mutation, hybridization and biotechnological approaches – protoplast fusion and genetic engineering - study of strain variability using markers - allozyme, RFLP, AFLP, RAPD and PCR.
CO8 Cropping systems - industrial approach - indoor and outdoor systems for cultivating edible and medicinal mushrooms – mushroom orchards - substrate / compost preparation – physical, chemical and biological characteristics.
CO9 Compost microflora - casing requirements and role of bioinoculants in fruiting body development - environmental requirements for mushroom production.
CO10 Engineering fungal secondary metabolic pathways - methods of chemical analysis of mushroom fungi - biomolecules from mushrooms and toadstools.
CO11 Nutraceutical, pharmaceutical and biopesticidal preparations - fermentation systems for fungal enzymes production - commercial importance of fungal enzymes.

PAT 619 Post Harvest Diseases (2+1)

CO1 Post harvest loss - Definition - Nature and kind of post harvest loss - assessment of post harvest loss - field and storage fungi - their significance in grain and horticultural produce.
CO2 Post harvest losses at different levels of storage- Health hazards due to post harvest diseases - mycotoxins - types - occurrence - effect on human health and animals.
CO3 Factors influencing mycotoxin formation - methods of prevention of mycotoxin.
CO4 Factors affecting post harvest spoilage - maturity - initial quality - temperature - RH - mechanical injury - time lag - packing and handling practices.
CO5 Types of post harvest problems both by biotic and abiotic causes - latency - definition – theories.
CO6 Detection and management of latent infection in fruits- Mechanisms of pathogenesis - soft rots - general accounts.
CO7 Strategies for the management of post harvest diseases - prevention and eradication of field infections - inactivation of wound infection and suppression of disease development and spread.
CO8 Post harvest disease management - Cultural methods - physical methods-use of temperature, solar energy-biological control of post harvest diseases in fruits and vegetables-Improving the shelf life of produce.
CO9 Biological control-Antagonistic microorganisms, Sanitation, host plant resistance - Characteristics of an ideal biocontrol agent for management of post harvest diseases.
CO10 Biological control of post harvest diseases in fruits- Biological control of post harvest diseases in vegetables-Plant products in post harvest disease management-Chemical methods - Groups of post harvest fungicides.
CO11 Application and use of post harvest fungicides, merits and demerits - Integrated strategy for post harvest disease management.

PAT 620 Plant Quarantine (2+0)

CO1 History of Plant quarantine international- India - definition of pest, pesticides and transgenics as per Govt. notification - relative importance – domestic and international quarantine regulations.
CO2 Basic concepts of biosafety and biosecurity - Case histories of exotic pests/diseases and their status.
CO3 Plant protection organization in India - Acts related to registration of pesticides and transgenics.
CO4 Quarantine legislations- PQ Order 2003 – SOPs - import and export of seed, propogative materials and bio-inoculants.
CO5 Identification of pest/disease free areas - diagnostic techniques – pest infestations- techniques of disinfestations .
CO6 WTO regulations - non-tariff barriers - Pest Risk Analysis (PRA) - good laboratory practices for pesticide laboratories - Sanitary and Phytosanitary measures .
CO7 Role of domestic plant quarantine in relation to germplasm movement in India and in other countries.
CO8 Post Entry Quarantine - Future requirements of plant quarantine - visit to PEQ facilities and quarantine station.

PAT 691 Master’s Seminar (0+1)

CO1 Students will gather knowledge while collecting literature for presentation of seminar topic on very recent developments in the field of Biotechnology.

PAT 699 Masters’ Thesis Research (0+20)

CO1 Gain knowledge to identify the research problem, formulating a research proposal, methodically implementing the research, recording the results through experiments, interpreting the results and deriving a solution for the research problem..

Program Outcome

M. Sc (Plant Pathology) - Programme Outcomes (PO)

PO1 Knowledge Empowerment: To educate the scholars to apply the basic principles of plant pathology to diagnose the plant diseases and to design the management strategies.
PO2 Empowering the scholars to identify the research priorities: Based on the need of the farming community and the impact of the plant diseases on yield loss, scholars will be trained to become as a independent researcher to fix the research priorities by identifying the researchable issues.
PO3 Addressing the researchable issues: Based on the participatory rural approach and based on the need put forth from the extension functionaries in the Scientific Workers Conference, research scholars will design the strategy to approach and solve the issue.
PO4 Empowering the scholars on recent developments: The research scholars will be exposed to abundant active learning oppurtunities. It would create excellent problem solving skills on disease diagnosis and management with an indepth conceptual understanding to solve the researchable issues.
PO5 Developing the Scholars as per the demand of the society: Encouraging the faculty and student to enhance their domain knowledge and pedagogical skill to improve the quality of education and research, which facilitate the scholars to solve the researchable issues and will be a source for the generation of technology as demanded by the society.
PO6 Designing the scholars as demanded by the private and public sectors: The PG scholars will be empowered for the knowledge and skill as demanded by the public and private sector, which would create employment oppurtunity for the scholars.
PO7 Development of new technologies: Research schoalrs will be empowered with the latest molecular tools for the development of patentable products in the field of biological control, disease diagnosis, construction of vectors, mushroom biotechnology and biomolecules.
PO8 Empowering writing and communication skills: The PG scholars will be trained through term paper presentation, seminar presentations to communicate themselves with the scientific communtiy and farming community in the National and International Symposium and Workshops. Besides. Training on the writing skills help to design the students to write their research manuscripts and to publish them in the high impact factor journals.
PO9 Entrepreneurship development: Exclusive courses on Mushroom technology, biological control, Plant disease diagnosis and Principles of plant disease management will change the mind set of the scholars to become as employment generators.
PO10 Professional Ethics: Apply ethical principles and commit to follow professional ethics and norms and guidelines in the practice of biotechnology responsibly.
Method of measuring attainment of POs
The outcome of the programmes is periodically assessed by conducting unanounced test, anounced test, final and practical examinations. TO improve the communication skills PG scholars are entitled to register for the seminar, through which the communication skill and knowledge on the same field will be strengthened. The impact of the knowledge and skill empowerment is reflected through the placement of the scholars into Agricultural Research Service, Assistant Professor, Bank Officials, Extension Officials, Post Doctroal Fellows and as Young Scientists through the competitive research grants obtained from GOI sponsored or SAU sponsored schemes.

Program Specific Outcome

M. Sc (Plant Pathology) - Programme Specific Outcomes (PSO)

PSO1 Shaping the students to compete at National and International level to pursue their higher studies and to secure jobs.
PSO2 Knowledge and skill empowerment through the delivery of high quality education on applied and molecular plant pathological techniques.
PSO3 Development of entrepreneur skills in the production of biopesticides and mushrooms and to empower the students to meet the demand of the public and private sector.
PSO4 Development of patentable novel bioformulations and plant products for the management of plant diseases.
PSO5 To develop PG scholars with abundant active learning oppurtunities that develop excellent problem solving skills (disease diagnosis and management) and an indepth conceptual understanding of science so as to develop student community to compete at global level.
Method of measuring attainment of POs
Programme specific outcomes are assessed and validated through the generation of technologies, which are popularized among the farming community through front line demonstrations. The promising technologies are shared among the private sectors through public private partnership. Besides, the promising basic research will be formualted as a exclusive project and will be submitted for the research grant either from Government of India or from State Government. Besides, the outcome of the specific programmes are assessed by periodical review done by the Chairman and the Advisory Committee, Professor and Head, Director (Centre for Plant Protection Studies), and Director of Research.

Education - Doctorate Courses

MAJOR COURSES
Course No Course Title Credit Hours
PAT 801 Advanced Mycology 2+1
PAT 802 Advanced Plant Virology 2+1
PAT 803 Advanced Bacteriology 2+1
PAT 804 Molecular Basis of Host Pathogen Interaction 2+1
PAT 805 Principles and Procedures of Certification 1+0
PAT 806 Plant Biosecurity and Biosafety 2+0
PAT 807 / ENT 807/NEM 807 Plant Health Diagnostics and Management 3+1
MINOR COURSES
Course No Course Title Credit Hours
ENT616 Insects and Mites in relation to Plant disease 1+1
ABT601 Principles of Biotechnology 2+1
MCB806 Advanced methods for Identification of bacteria 2+1
SPECIALIZED COURSES
Course No Course Title Credit Hours
PAT 811 Biotechnology for Crop Disease Management 2+1
PAT 812 Physiology and Molecular Biology of Pathogenesis 2+1
PAT 813 Molecular Basis of Disease Resistance in Plants 2+1
PAT 821 Biological Control of Soil Borne Pathogens 2+1
PAT 822 Advances in Biological Control of Plant Pathogens and Weeds 2+1
PAT 823 Molecular Approaches in Biological Control of Plant Pathogens 2+1

Course Outcome

Ph.D (Plant Pathology) - Course Outcomes

PAT 801 Advanced Mycology (2+1)

CO1 To teach the latest concepts and developments in the field of mycology with reference to biodiversity, taxonomy, morphogenesis, genetics and fungal biotechnology.
CO2 To understand about pleomorphism in fungi, variability in fungi through parasexuality, hetrokaryosis and vegetative compatibility groups (VCG) To have the knowledge on phylogenetic analysis, fungal population biology and dynamics .
CO3 Knowledge empowerment on cellular characteristic of fungi, physiological and biochemical basis of morphogenesis, types of growth, mechanism of hyphal extension, growth rhythm, physiology of asexual and sexual reproduction, spore germination and dormancy. To understand the role of fungal enzymes, sex hormones and their actions.
CO4 To have a thorough understanding on fungal genetics, karyotyping, tetrad analysis and mating type factors .
CO5 Knowledge empowerment on breeding systems in fungi, mechanism of nuclear and extra nuclear inheritance.
CO6 To have a thorough understanding on fungal biotechnology, methods and applications of the technique to understand about fungal metabolites including nano / biomolecules.
CO7 Learning to apply the gained knowledge to improve plant and human health, exploring its role in industrial application, biodegradation, bio-augmentation, bio-accumulation and bio-transformation.
CO8 To develop skills in the field of morphological, molecular identification techniques, variability studies using markers and morphogenesis.
CO9 To develop skill in understanding reproductive behaviour of representative genera of Chromista, Zygomycota, Ascomycota and Basidiomycota. homothallic, heterothallic and vegetative compatibility groups (VCG) in fungi.
CO10 Skill empowerment on understanding fungal population dynamics, isolation and testing of enzymes, nano / biomolecules, secondary metabolites of beneficial fungi against plant pathogens and inculcating confidence to the scholars through industrial visit.

PAT 802 Advanced Plant Virology (2+1)

CO1 To have a thorough knowledge on assembly and architecture, taxonomy of viruses, virus-vector relationship, mechanism of virus transmission by vectors, bimodal transmission, virus replication.
CO2 To understand about variation, mutation and development of virus strains. Learn on the production of Polyclonal antisera. To enrich the knowledge on immunoglobulin structure and functions of various domains, methods of immunodiagnosis, hybridoma technology and use of monoclonal antibodies in identification of viruses and their strains.
CO3 To acrquire in depth knowledge on different types of PCR and Rolling circle amplification, Genome organization of viruses, replication, transcription and translational strategies of pararetroviruses and Geminiviruses, Tobamo, Poty, Bromoviridae and Tospo viruses, Satellite viruses and Satellite RNA..
CO4 Learn about viral promoters and viroids, molecular mechanism of host virus interactions, virus induced gene silencing, viral suppressors, RNAi dynamics and resistant genes
CO5 Learn about genetic engineering with plant viruses.
CO6 Skill empowerment on purification of virus(es), molecular weight determination, production of polyclonal antiserum and purification of IgG and conjugate preparation.
CO7 Skill empowerment on serological techniques including DAC-ELISA, DAS-ELISA, DIBA, (ab)2 – ELISA.
CO8 Skill empowerment on Western blots - nucleic acid isolation, dot- blot, southern hybridization, probe preparation and autoradiography - PCR application and viral genome cloning, sequencing annotation of genes

PAT 803 Advanced Bacteriology (2+1)

CO1 To have an indepth knowledge on nomenclature and current approaches for the characterization and identification of phytopathogenic bacteria, current trends in classification of bacteria and to understand the morphology, ultra structure and chemical composition of prokaryotic cell and prokaryotic inhibitors
CO2 Learn more about the basics of Phytoplasma and Fastidious bacteria and about the mechanisms of wilt and soft rot (Erwinia sp) development.
CO3 Enable the scholars to have a clear view on the biology and mechanisms of crown gall formation (Agrobacterium tumefaciens). role of enzymes, exopolysaccharide, polypeptide signals in disease development and about the role of toxin and on disease development.
CO4 Expose the scholars about the role of epidemiology in relation to bacterial plant pathogens, host bacterial pathogen interaction, Type III secretion system, HR/SR reactions and about R-genes, Avr, her, vie, pat and hrp genes, effectors protein,
CO5 To understand about the survival, colonization ability of bacteria, bacterial EPS, their role as disease determinant, quorum-sensing and on biology of plasmids.
CO6 Exposing the scholars to have better understanding about the molecular variability among phytopathogenic bacteria and possible host defence mechanisms, management of Bacterial diseases through biotechnological methods, genetic engineering, gene silencing and RNAi technology.
CO7 To learn about polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies against phytopathogenic bacteria and about PCR based detection of plant pathogenic bacteria.
CO8 TO learn about the advanced techniques in quarantine, PRA, development of diagnostic kit, endophytes, PGPR and on the role of phylloplane bacteria in disease management and endosymbionts in host defence.

PAT 804 Molecular Basis of Host Pathogen Interaction (2+1)

CO1 Molecular basis of host-pathogen interaction- pathogen virulence, aggressiveness Regulation of infection processes - cAMP signaling and MAP kinase pathways Pathogenicity genes in plant pathogens – toxins- mode of action-role of toxins in disease development
CO2 Pathogenicity genes in plant pathogens-cell wall and cutin-degrading enzymes, hormones, Extracellular polysaccharides, variability in plant pathogens- mechanisms of variability and physiological races of pathogens and Host plant resistance - vertical and horizontal resistance, non-host resistance.
CO3 Elicitors-endogenous and exogenous elicitors, general and race-specific elicitors, chemical nature of elicitors, Receptor sites for elicitors, suppressors. Signal transduction- intracellular signal transduction- second messenger systems-calcium ion- protein kinases- phospholipases- proton pump - ATPases- G-proteins - H2O2 - ethylene- Systemic signal transduction - oligogalacuronides- salicylic acid - jasmonic acid – ethylene - abscissic acid, signal crosstalk, Systemic acquired resistance and quorum sensing,
CO4 Genetics of disease resistance- Gene-for-gene theory, Avirulence (avr) genes, characteristics of avr gene-coded proteins, hrp genes, Protein-for-protein interaction. Resistance (R) genes of plants, R-gene expression and transcription profiling, Mapping and cloning of resistance genes.
CO5 Structure and classes of resistance genes, genomic organization of resistance genes. Host defense mechanisms- morphological and anatomical resistance- phytoanticipins - phenolics, glucosinolates, cyanogenic glucosides, saponins, steroid alkaloids and dienes. Induced structural and biochemical defences - cell wall modifications-papilla - callose deposition, HRGP accumulation - lignification - suberization
CO6 Phytoalexins,defense-related proteins, hypersensitive reaction and its mechanisms, Reactive oxygen species. Biotechnology and disease management-different methods of Gene transfer
CO7 Transgenic plants with fungal resistance- cloned resistance genes, antifungal protein genes - chitinase, glucanase, TLP, RIP, Thionins, lipid transfer proteins, antimicrobial peptides.
CO8 Transgenic plants with fungal resistance- Expression of phytoalexins, detoxification genes, peroxidise, polygalacturonase - inhibiting protein, NPR1 protein.
CO9 Bacterial resistance-lytic peptides, lysozymes, detoxification genens, cloned resistance genes, plant defense genes. Virus resistance-pathogen-derived resistance- coat protein, movement protein, replicase, satellite RNA, RNA silencing,
CO10 Antibody-based resistance, cloned resistance genes, antiviral protein genes and biosafety issues related to GM crops.

PAT 805 Principles and Procedures of Certification (1+0)

CO1 Role of International Seed Testing Association (ISTA), EPPO and OECD in certification and quality control and National seed certification methods and minimum seed certification standards for important crops.
CO2 Seed policy and legislations in India – PPV and FR act and Methods of testing genetic identity.
CO3 Methods of testing physical purity and germination
CO4 Methods of testing seed health, Tolerance limits for insect pests and diseases Certification methods for seeds, vegetative propagules and in vitro cultures
CO5 Accreditation of seed testing laboratories.
CO6 Role of seed health certification in national and international trade.

PAT 806 Plant Biosecurity and Biosafety (2+0)

CO1 Learning about the history of biosecurity, concept of biosecurity, components of biosecurity, quarantine - Invasive Alien Species – Biowarfare - Emerging/resurgence of pests and diseases .
CO2 Understanding about the biosafety - policies and regulatory mechanisms. To know about National Regulatory Mechanism and International Agreements / Conventions viz., Agreement on Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Measures/World Trade Organization (WTO), Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), The International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC). .
CO3 Learn about the Codex Alimentarius Commission, The World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) , International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures, Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety and its implications.
CO4 To know about pest risk analysis, risk assessment models, pest information system, early warning and forecasting systems. Learn about the use of Global Positioning System (GPS) and Geographic Information System (GIS) for plant biosecurity - pest/diseases and epidemic management.
CO5 To gain knowledgge on agroterrorism, strategies for combating risks and costs associated with agroterrorism event, mitigation planning, and integrated approach for biosecurity.
CO6 To impart knowledge on Living Modified Organisms (LMOs), Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs), Biosafety and allergenicity, Regulatory frame work for GMOs in India.
CO7 Seed Policy 2002 - Plant quarantine order, 2003 - Food safety and standards act, 2006 - National Environment Policy 2006 -Task force on application of Agricultural Biotechnology, 2005-National Biotechnology Development Strategy, 2005 - Task force on R-pharma.
CO8 To learn about Recombinant DNA advisory Committee (RDAC), Institutional Biosafety Committee (IBSC), Review Committee on Genetic manipulation (RCGM), Genetic Engineering Approval Committee (GEAC), State Biosafety Coordination Committee (SBCC), District Level Committees (DLC) , Recombinant DNA guidelines 1990.

PAT 807 Plant Health Diagnostics and Management (3+1)

CO1 Exposing the students about plant health clinic: concept, importance, infrastructure etc - identification of important beneficial insects (parasitoids, predators, pollinators and others of economic importance).
CO2 To know about the principles of pest management, Injury caused by different type of insects to the plants by feeding, oviposition, sheltering or any other means.
CO3 Screening of damaged material for establishing the identity of casual agent viz., insects, microbes, nematodes, mites, rodents, vertebrates, competitive plant as well as nutritional or any other physiological disorders - important plant parasitic nematodes and their symptoms produced on major field, fruit, ornamental and plantation crops.
CO4 Exposing the students to know about damage caused by important nematodes causing root knot, ear-cockle and other diseases in different crops and their management - Molecular approaches for viral, bacterial and fungal diseases with regards to diagnostics and management.
CO5 Symptoms of diseases caused by imbalances in plant nutrients.
CO6 Identification of problematic weeds and their management.

PAT 811 Biotechnology for Crop Disease Management (2+1)

CO1 To learn about biotechnology , Definition - principles - structure of DNA and RNA- definition of gene - transcription and translation processes - restriction endonucleases enzymes - modifying enzymes - plasmids - bacterial transformation techniques - PCR – RTPCR - RAPD - RFLP – AFLP- Real-time PCR, Microarray techniques - Southern blotting - Northern blotting - western blotting –ELISA.
CO2 To enmpower the knowledge of the students about cloning of genes- Isolation and characterization of defense genes - genes coding for PR proteins - PAL - Peroxidase - 4CL - HMGR - phytoalexin synthesizing genes.
CO3 To understand about HRGP genes - callose synthase - Genes from pathogens and other sources - coat protein genes - movement protein genes - RNA polymerase genes – hrp genes - avr genes - detoxification genes- Isolation and characterization of resistance genes - QTL - development of near isogenic lines - Map based cloning - molecular maps
CO4 Learn aboput Tissue culture - meristem tip culture - somaclonal variation – microbial toxins or toxin analogs as selective agents - Transformation techniques - Agrobacterium mediated transformation - particle bombardment - protoplast mediated transformation – microinjections
CO5 To study about biotechnology and disease management- genetic engineering for fungal resistance -resistance genes, antifungal protein genes - chitinase, glucanase, TLP, RIP, Thionins, lipid transfer proteins, antimicrobial peptides, expression of phytoalexin genes, detoxification genes, peroxidise, polygalacturonase, inhibiting protein, NPR1 protein.
CO6 To know about genetic engineering for bacterial resistance, lytic peptides, lysozymes, detoxification genes, cloned resistance genes, plant defense genes; genetic engineering for virus resistance-pathogen-derived resistance- coat protein, movement protein, replicase, satellite RNA, RNA silencing, antibody-based resistance, cloned resistance genes, antiviral protein genes; biosafety issues related to GM crops.
CO7 To understand about the Biopesticides- developing antagonistic strains suitable for varying stress conditions - improving their bioefficiency through genetic engineering- Plant disease diagnosis- Immunological and molecular detection of phytopathogens

PAT 812 Physiology and Molecular Biology of Pathogenesis (2+1)

CO1 To understant the molecular basis of host-pathogen interactions - pathogen virulence, aggressiveness, infection process-regulation of infection processes - cAMP signaling and MAP kinase pathways.
CO2 To study the enzymes in plant disease development - plant cell wall degrading enzymes - cutinases - pectinases - cellulases - hemicellulases - lignases.
CO3 To know about toxins in plant disease development - host-specific and host non-specific toxins- mode of action of toxins - membrane dysfunction - electrtolyte leakage - stimulation and suppression of ATP ases - mitochondrial membrane dysfunctions./td>
CO3 To learn about extracellular polysaccharides in plant disease development – Growth regulators as weapons of pathogens- auxins – Gibberellins and ethylene- effectors in pathogenesis
CO3 To studyt the genetics of virulence - pathogenicity genes- avr genes- variability in plant pathogens- physiological races of pathogens
CO3 To learn about the enzymes - pectic and cellulolytic enzymes - Isolation and purification of elicitor from fungal mycelium - classification of elicitor - Isolation and characterization of phenyl propanoid enzymes -
CO3 To understant PR - proteins - phytoalexins - lignins - Toxins - isolation and purification of toxin - Bioassay of toxins - electrolyte leakage - symptom bioassay - seedling vigour test.

PAT 813 Molecular Basis of Disease Resistance in Plants (2+1)

CO1 To impart knowledge to students on genetics, cytogenetics and molecular basis of insect Taxonomy.To study the pathogen recognition - adhesion- molecules favouring adhesion- elicitors - endogenous and exogenous elicitors, specific and non-specific elicitors, biotic and abiotic elicitors- chemical nature of elicitors - receptor site for elicitor - Release of elicitors - degradation of elicitors- suppressors.
CO2 To understand the signal transduction - intracellular signal transduction - second messenger systems-calcium ion- protein kinases – phospholipases - proton pump - ATPases - G-proteins- H2O2- ethylene - polyamines.
CO3 To study the systemic signal transduction - oligogalacuronides - salicylic acid - jasmonic acid- ethylene- abscissic acid - signal crosstalk, systemic acquired resistance, signal molecules, quorum sensing.
CO4 To learn about host defence mechanisms, morphological and anatomical resistance, phytoanticipins - phenolics, glucosinolates, cyanogenic glucosides, saponins, steroid alkaloids, dienes.
CO5 To study the induced structural and biochemical defences - cell wall modifications-papilla-callose deposition, HRGP accumulation – lignifications – suberization - lipid peroxidation – lipoxygenase- phytoalexins, defense-related proteins and peptides, hypersensitive reaction and its mechanisms, reactive oxygen species .
CO6 To understand the genetics of disease resistance- Host plant resistance - vertical and horizontal resistance, non-host resistance, Gene-for-gene theory, avirulence (avr) genes, characteristics of avr gene -coded proteins, hrp genes, protein-for-protein, Resistance (R) genes of plants, R-gene expression and transcription profiling.
CO7 To empower the knowledge of the students about mapping and cloning of resistance genes, structure and classes of resistance genes, genomic organization of resistance genes.

PAT 821 Biological Control of Soil Borne Pathogens (2+1)

CO1 To study the biological control - Milestones and concepts - Ecology of soil borne pathogens - Suppressive and conducive soils- General and specific suppression - Mode of survival of pathogens, longevity and their distribution.
CO2 To learn about the factors affecting biological control agents - pathogens in relation to soil moisture, temperature, soil pH - influence of organic matter and fertility on soil borne pathogens and antagonists - inoculum potential and competitive saprophytic ability.
CO3 To study the soil fungistasis -influence of root exudates on establishment of pathogen and antagonists -influence of rhizosphere microflora on soil borne pathogens and antagonists - effect of agrochemicals and fertilizers on soil borne pathogens and antagonists
CO4 To understand the mechanism of biocontrol- competition, antibiosis, lysis, hyperparasitism and induced systemic resistance - Biological control of soil borne pathogens with Actinobacteria, Yeast and AM fungi.
CO5 Exposing the students to know about biological control with PGPR - Endophytes, Non endophytes - Delivery system of fungal and bacterial antagonists - Commercial formulation of biocontrol agents.

PAT 822 Advances in Biological Control of Plant Pathogens and Weeds (2+1)

CO1 To study the importance of biological control - augmentative and inoculative approaches -biodiversity of Trichoderma spp, Pseudomonas spp and Bacillus spp.
CO2 To learn about biocontrol - foliar diseases and post harvest diseases - biological control of diseases of vegetables and cut flowers under protected cultivation - cross protection - viruses, fungi and bacteria and their limitations - mechanisms of cross protection.
CO3 To understant the concepts of NPR1 gene mediated resistance - synergistic interaction of antibiotic biosynthetic genes of PGPR - biocontrol agents - genome mining - secretome analysis - metagenomic approaches to characterize unculturable microbes in rhizosphere - communication network of microbes in biological control.
CO4 To study about the types of carriers used for the bioformulation development - solid / liquid bioformulation using fermentation technology - oil based bioformulation, invert emulsions, capsules, pellets etc., - factor influencing shelf life and quality parameters of bioformulation.
CO5 To empower the knowledge of the students about mycoherbicides - Role and their management - mode of action - biosafety and biosecurity issues in relation to biological control - advances in development and registration of biocontrol formulations.

PAT 823 Molecular Approaches in Biological Control of Plant Pathogens (2+1)

CO1 To learn about biological control -landmarks in molecular approaches - role of root exudates molecules in relation to microbial diversity and activity - molecular determination of plant microbe interaction in rhizosphere.
CO2 To understand the molecular cross talk - Pathogens and biocontrol agents -quorum sensing between plants and biocontrol agents - Genomics and proteomics of coexistence of biocontrol agents in the rhizosphere..
CO3 To study about the signal transduction pathways - associated with the interaction of biocontrol agents and plant - involved in host sensing and mycoparasitism - interactive proteomics between plant, pathogens and biocontrol agents.
CO4 To understand the molecular signals of biocontrol agents associated with plant growth promotion and biological control.
CO5 To empower the knowledge of the students about molecular detection of biocontrol agents – Antagonistic fungi, Pseudomonas spp, Actinobacteria and Bacillus spp - Biochemistry of siderophores – molecular mechanisms of biocontrol agents - Trichoderma spp, Pseudomonas spp Bacillus spp. and Actinobacteria.
CO6 To study about molecular mechanisms of pathogens to counter attack biocontrol agents - Genome editing of biocontrol agents and improving its bioefficacy - nano technological approaches in biological control of plant pathogens.

PAT 899 Research (0+45)

CO1 Gain knowledge to identify the research problem, formulating a research proposal, methodically implementing the research, recording the results through experiments, interpreting the results and deriving a solution for the research problem.

Program Outcome

Ph.D (Plant Pathology) - Programme Outcomes (PO)

PO1 Knowledge Empowerment: To inculcate knowledge on the basic principles and recent advances on plant pathology pertaining to Advanced bacteriology, Advanced Virology, Advanced Mycology, Molecular Basis of Host Pathogen Interaction, Principles and Procedures of Certification, Plant Biosecurity and Biosafety, Plant Health Diagnostics and Management. This will facilitate the Scholars of Plant Pathology with a strong basic knowledge and skill on disease diagnosis, plant-microbe- interactions, and interactive genomics and proteomics .
PO2 Skill empowerment: Based on the knowledge gained, the Ph.D., scholars will be empowered as an independent researcher to address the researchable issues and to cater the need of the farming community.
PO3 Empowering the PG Scholars to meet the demand of the society: Graduate program will provide a spectrum of educational experiences to train the increasingly diverse plant pathologists to cater the needs of the private and public sectors at National and International level.
PO4 Inculcating Enterpreneur skill: The Ph.D., scholars will be empowered technically, to generate employment oppurtunities of their own and to give employment to others based on the commercial potential of the courses like Biological control, Plant Disease diagnosis and on Mushroom production.
PO5 Development of Professionalism: To develop expertise to manage plant diseases through the discovery of novel biopesticides and formualtions.
PO6 Empowering Public Private Partnership: To develop new edible mushrooms, biomolecules and bioformulations with increased shelf life for strengthening public private partnership and to self generate research grants.
PO7 Research programmes to solve the issues of farming community: The researchable issues of the farming community at regional and state level will be identified and executed to solve the issues by submitting research proposals to solve the issues.
PO8 Exposing the PG scholars on recent developments: The course curriculum has been designed to acquire knowledge on advance instrumentation training including Next Generation Sequencing, proteomics, genomics, metabolomics, Scanning Electron Microscopy andTransmission Electron Microscopy.
PO9 Professional Ethics: Apply ethical principles and commit to follow professional ethics and norms and guidelines in the practice of biotechnology responsibly.
PO10 Improving writing and communication skills: The scholars will be trained to bring out their research findings in the form of research articles, popular articles and as chapters to books in the leading National and International journals with high impact factor.
Method of measuring attainment of POs
The outcome of the programmes is periodically assessed by conducting unanounced test, anounced test, final and practical examinations. TO improve the communication skills PG scholars are entitled to register for the seminar, through which the communication skill and knowledge on the same field will be strengthened. The impact of the knowledge and skill empowerment is reflected through the placement of the scholars into Agricultural Research Service, Assistant Professor, Bank Officials, Extension Officials, Post Doctroal Fellows and as Young Scientists through the competitive research grants obtained from GOI sponsored or SAU sponsored schemes.

Program Specific Outcome

Ph.D (Plant Pathology) - Programme Specific Outcomes (PSO)

PSO1 Shaping the students to compete at National and International level to pursue their higher studies and to secure jobs.
PSO2 Knowledge and skill empowerment through the delivery of high quality education on applied and molecular plant pathological techniques. Develop, deliver and sustain relevant extension education, especially pertaining to plant health, for state, national and international stakeholders.
PSO3 Development of entrepreneur skills in the production of biopesticides and mushrooms and to empower the students to meet the demand of the public and private sector. Development of bioinnoculants and novel bioformulations for the management of plant diseases.
PSO4 Developing the scholars to have a thorough knowledge on understanding the plant associated microbiome including endophytes and rhizospheric microbes. It would lead to the development of diagnostic kits for early detection of plant viruses.
PSO5 Developing the students as a source of excellence in research and extension on plant disease diagnosis and plant health management.
Method of measuring attainment of POs
Programme specific outcomes are assessed and validated through the generation of technologies, which are popularized among the farming community through front line demonstrations. The promising technologies are shared among the private sectors through public private partnership. Besides, the promising basic research will be formualted as a exclusive project and will be submitted for the research grant either from Government of India or from State Government. Besides, the outcome of the specific programmes are assessed by periodical review done by the Chairman and the Advisory Committee, Professor and Head, Director (Centre for Plant Protection Studies), and Director of Research.