Pathology RESEARCH - THRUST AREAS

BIOCONTROL

  • Induction of defense-related proteins and chemicals by fluorescent pseudomonads.
  • Basic research on biocontrol agents for effective utilization in ecofriendly disease management.
  • Integration of candidate biological control agents under integrated disease management for the management of economically important crop diseases.
  • Quality control and registration of new biocontrol agents.
  • Strategies to promote commercialization of bioagents viz., Pseudomonas fluorescens, Bacillus subtilis and Trichoderma Viride.
  • Popularization of biocontrol agents.
  • BIOTECHNOLOGY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY

  • Isolation of α-Glucosidase gene from Trichoderma viride for management of rice sheath blight pathogens.
  • Exploitation of chitinase gene for the management of rice sheath blight and sheath rot.
  • Agrobacterium mediated or biolistic gene transfer of Xa-21 of BLB of rice.
  • Cloning of PR-5 (TLP) protein for resistant to rice sheath blight.
  • Elicitor of Rhizoctonia solani induced PR-proteins (PR-2 and PR-3).
  • Genetic improvement of bio-control agents viz., Trichoderma viride and Pseudomonas fluorescens.
  • EPIDEMIOLOGY AND DISEASES FORECASTING

  • Studying the epidemiology of economically important diseases of Tamil Nadu Developing forecast models for the important diseases.
  • MUSHROOM

  • Cultivation technology developed for oyster mushroom, paddy straw mushroom and button mushroom.
  • Conducting training on “Mushroom cultivation” to farmers every month.
  • Production and distribution of spawns and mother spawns to farmers.
  • Strain improvement of mushrooms using biotechnology.
  • POST HARVEST

  • Post harvest losses of mango, banana and vegetables.
  • Standardization of early detection of post harvest diseases.
  • Management of post harvest diseases using non –chemical methods especially with the botanicals.
  • SEED PATHOLOGY

  • Monitoring and Identification of important seed-borne pathogen in crop plants.
  • Losses due to seed-borne pathogen.
  • Disease-free seed production of fruits, vegetable and crops.
  • Mycotoxins and their management.
  • VIROLOGY

  • The virology division of this department was started as early as 1960 with the development of infrastructure facilities like automated glass house, electron microscope etc.
  • Identification, characterization and biodiversity of new virus diseases affecting major crops (Rice, pulses, oil seeds, vegetables and flowers).
  • Diagnosis of virus diseases (includes immuno and molecular diagnosis).
  • Epidemiology and Management of virus diseases using.
  • Using botanical pesticides (Antiviral principles).
  • Chemical control of Vectors transmitting virus diseases.