Established in 1980, the department was offering Post Graduate Diploma in Sericulture till 1990 to State Department of Sericulture functionaries as part of Human Resource Development. From 1990, the Department started offering M.Sc. (Ag) in Sericulture. Ph.D. Programme in Sericulture commenced in 2010. TNAU is the third SAU to offer B.Sc.(Sericulture) degree from 2011. Main focus of the Department of Sericulture is to reinforce the sericultural activities through cost effective technologies for improving the social economic status of sericulture farmers in Tamil Nadu.
Department of Sericulture was shifted to Forest College and Research Institute, Mettupalayam in July 2014 with triple mandate of teaching, research and extension.